Epiros

   A mountainous region in what is now southern Albania and northwestern Greece (qq.v.), separated from the rest of Greece by the Pindos (q.v.) mountain range. In the fourth century its administration was divided into the province of Old Epiros, with its capital at Nikopolis (q.v.), and New Epiros, farther north, with its capital at Dyrrachion (q.v.). The cities, the most important of which are located on coastal plains, like the port-city of Avlon, were affected by the raids of Vandals (q.v.). Nikopolis was briefly captured by the Vandals in 474. The region was also affected by barbarian raids in 517 and in 539-540, prompting Justinian I (q.v.) to build and refurbish fortifications in the region. These seem to have withstood an invasion of Ostrogoths (q.v.) in 551, but not the invasions of Avars and Slavs (qq.v.) in the 580s. By about 615 the cities were overrun and the region depopulated. Byzantine hegemony was reestablished slowly, beginning in the ninth century with the creation of the themes (q.v.) of Dyrrachion and Nikopolis. The region fell under the domination of the despotate of Epiros (q.v.) in 1204, and then (after 1264) by independent Greek despots (q.v.) until 1318. Thereafter, successive rulers included Italians (the Orsini and Tocco families), Albanians, and Serbs (qq.v.). For example, the Serb Thomas Preljubovic ruled over Ioannina (q.v.) from 1366-1384, defending it from Albanian attacks. The Ottomans (q.v.) conquered the region in the 15th century. Intermittent invasions and migrations of peoples created a diverse society that included not only Greeks but also Slavs, Vlachs, Albanians, Jews, Turks, and even Armenians (qq.v.).

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

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  • Epīros — (a. Geogr.), Landschaft in Hellas, grenzte an Macedonien, das griechische Illyrien, Thessalien, Ätolien, Akarnanien, das Ionische Meer u. den Ambrakischen Busen. Gebirge: das Akrokeraunische Gebirge, der Pindos u. die Berge Tomaros u. Krania; mit …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Epiros — Epirus bezeichnet: eine historisch geographische Region im Westen der Balkanhalbinsel, siehe Epirus (historische Region) In dieser Region gab es in der Geschichte eine Reihe von Territorien, die ebenfalls den Namen Epirus trugen: Epirus (Provinz) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Epiros, Despotate of —    Greek state in Epiros (q.v.) established after the Fourth Crusade conquered Constantinople (qq.v.) in 1204 and divided up Byzantium (q.v.). Until 1230 it appeared to have a much better chance of restoring the empire than the other two Greek… …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Thomas von Epiros — Thomas Komnenos Dukas Angelos, genannt Thomas von Epiros, (* um 1288; † 1318) war von 1296 bis 1318 Despot von Epiros. Er war der älteste Sohn des Despoten Nikephoros I. von Epiros und dessen 2. Frau Anna Kantakuzena Palaiologina, sowie Großneffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Despotat Epiros — Dieser Artikel oder Abschnitt bedarf einer Überarbeitung. Näheres ist auf der Diskussionsseite angegeben. Hilf mit, ihn zu verbessern, und entferne anschließend diese Markierung. Das Despotat Epiros (auch: Fürstentum Epirus) war einer der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Despotate of Epiros — The Principality of Epirus can also refer to the pashalik of Ali Pasha Infobox Former Country native name = Δεσποτάτο της Ηπείρου conventional long name = Despotate of Epirus common name = Despotate of Epirus| continent = moved from Category:Asia …   Wikipedia

  • Nicopolis — For other places with the same name, see Nicopolis (disambiguation). Location of Nicopolis. Nicopolis (Greek: Νικόπολις, City of Victory ) or Actia Nicopolis was an ancient city of Epirus, founded 31 BC by Octavian in memory of his victory over …   Wikipedia

  • Angelos — The Angelos family (pl. Angeloi, Greek: Ἄγγελος, fem. Άγγελίνα) was a noble Byzantine lineage which gave rise to three Byzantine emperors from 1185 to 1204. From 13th to 15th century, a stirp (branch) of the family ruled Epiros, Thessaly and… …   Wikipedia

  • Thomas Komnenodukas-Angelos — Thomas Komnenos Dukas Angelos, genannt Thomas von Epiros, (* um 1288; † 1318) war von 1296 bis 1318 Despot von Epiros. Er war der älteste Sohn des Despoten Nikephoros I. von Epiros und dessen 2. Frau Anna Kantakuzena Palaiologina, sowie Großneffe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pyrrhos — Pyrrhos, Könige von Epiros, 1) P., so v.w. Neoptolemos, s.d. 1). 2) Sohn des Äakides, wurde nach der Vertreibung seines Vaters aus Epiros von dem Taulantierfürsten Glaukios erzogen; er wurde nach dem Tode seines Vaters 313 v. Chr. König von… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

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